Graduate Students’ Publications


  • Parsons, E.C.M. and Brown, D.M. 2017. From hunting to watching: human interactions with cetaceans. In: Marine Mammal Welfare (Ed. A. Butterworth), 67-90. Springer International, Cham, Switzerland.
  • Rose, N.A., Snusz, G.H., Brown, D.M., and Parsons, E.C.M. 2017. Improving captive marine mammal welfare in the United States: science-based recommendations for improved regulatory requirements for captive marine mammal care. International Journal of wildlife Law & Policy 20(1): 1-35.
  • Parsons, E.C.M. and Brown, D. 2017. Recent advances in whale-watching research: 2015-2016. Tourism in Marine Environments 12(2): 125-137.
  • Sitar, A., May-Collado, L.J., Wright, A.J., Peters-Burton, E., Rockwood, L. and Parsons, E.C.M. 2017. Tourists’ perspectives on dolphin-watching in Bocas del Toro, Panama. Tourism in Marine Environments 12(2): 79-94.
  • Mary M. Means, Changwoo Ahn, Gregory B. Noe. 2017. Planting richness affects the recovery of vegetation and soil processes in constructed wetlands following disturbance. Science of The Total Environment, 579: 1366-1378. DOI:


  • McAndrew, B., Ahn, C., Brooks, J. 2016. Effects of herbaceous plant diversity on water physicochemistry in created mesocosms wetlands. Journal of Freshwater Ecology,
    DOI: 10.1080/02705060.2016.1248504 (published online)
  • McAndrew B., Ahn C., Spooner J. 2016. Sediment and nitrogen capture performance of a floating treatment wetland for sustainable stormwater management in an urban environment – the case of the Rain Project. Sustainability 8 (10), 972;
    DOI: 10.3390/su8100972
  • Korol, A., Ahn, C., and Noe G. 2016. Richness, biomass, and nutrient content of a wetland macrophyte community affect soil nitrogen cycling in a diversity-ecosystem functioning experiment. Ecological Engineering 95: 252-265.
  • Crerar, L.D., Freeman, E.W., Domning, D.P. and Parsons, E.C.M. 2016. Illegal trade of marine mammal bone exposed: simple test identifies bones of “mermaid ivory” or Steller’s sea cow (Hydrodamalis gigas). Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 272. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00272
  • Collins, Elizabeth S., Morgan R. Gostel, and Andrea Weeks. ” An Expanded Nuclear Phylogenomic PCR Toolkit for Sapindales.” Applications in Plant Sciences 4.12 (2016): 1600078.
  • Cigliano, J.A., Bauer, A., Draheim, M.M., Foley, M., Lundquist, C.J., McCarthy, J.B., Patterson, K.W., Wright, A.J. and Parsons, E.C.M. 2016. The Kraken in the Aquarium: questions that aren’t being asked but urgently need to be addressed in order to advance marine conservation. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 174. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00174
  • Korol, A., Ahn, C., and Noe G. 2016. Richness, biomass, and nutrient content of a wetland macrophyte community affect soil nitrogen cycling in a diversity-ecosystem functioning experiment. Ecological Engineering 95: 252-265.
  • O’Bryhim. J.R., Parsons, E.C.M. and Lance, S.L. (2017) Forensic species identification of elasmobranch products sold in Costa Rican markets. Fisheries Research 186: 144-150.
  • Golden Kroner, R. E., R. Krithivasan, and M. B. Mascia. 2016. Effects of protected area downsizing on habitat fragmentation in Yosemite National Park (USA), 1864 – 2014. Ecology and Society 21(3):22.
  • Akerlof, K. L., Rowan, K. E., La Porte, T., Batten, B. K., Ernst, H., & Sklarew, D. M. (2016). Risky business: Engaging the public on sea level rise and inundation. Environmental Science & Policy. (In Press)
  • Favaro, B., Oester, S., Cigliano, J.A., Cornick, L., Hind, E., Parsons, E.C.M. and Woodbury, T.J. 2016. Your science conference should have a code of conduct. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 103. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00103.
  • O’Bryhim, J.R., Parsons, E.C.M., Gilmore, M.P. and Lance, S. 2016. Evaluating support for shark conservation among artisanal fishing communities in Costa Rica. Marine Policy 71: 1-9.
  • Korol, A., Ahn, C., 2016. Dominance by an obligate annual affects the morphological characteristics and biomass production of a planted wetland macrophyte community, Journal of Plant Ecology 9:187-200: 1-14.
  • Cella, E.L., Parsons, E.C.M., & Rockwood, L.L. 2016. Non-governmental organizations and government agencies lead in cultivating positive sea turtle conservation attitudes. Human Dimensions of Wildlife. 21(5).
    doi: 10.1080/10871209.2016.1171933
  • Hawkins MTR, Leonard JA, Helgen KM, McDonough MM, Rockwood LL, & Maldonado JE. 2016. Evolutionary history of endemic Sulawesi squirrels constructed from UCEs and mitogenomes sequenced from museum specimens. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 16: 1–16. doi: 10.1186/s12862-016-0650-z
  • Sitar, A. , May-Collado, L.J. , Wright, A.J., Peters-Burton, E., Rockwood, L., & Parsons, E.C.M. 2016. Boat operators in Bocas del Toro, Panama display low levels of compliance with national whale-watching regulations. Marine Policy 68: 221-228.
  • Peredo, C.M. and Mark D. Uhen, M.D. 2016. Exploration of marine mammal paleogeography in the Northern Hemisphere over the Cenozoic using beta diversity. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 449: 227–235.
  • Crerar, L., Parsons, E.C.M. and Domning, D. 2016. Serendipity in research—investigation into illegal wildlife trade discovers a new population of Steller’s sea cows. Biology Letters 12(2): 20150670, 1-2.


  • Price, K.A., O’Bryhim, J.R., Jones, K.L. and Lance, S.L. (2015) Development of polymorphic microsatellite markers for the bonnethead shark, Sphyrna tiburo. Conservation Genetic Resources 7: 69-71.
  • O’Bryhim, J.R., Spaet, J., Hyde, J.R., Jones, K.L., Adams, D.H. and Lance, S.L. (2015). Development of microsatellite markers for globally distributed populations of the threatened silky shark, Carcharhinus falciformis. Conservation Genetic Resources 7: 463-465.
  • Means, M., Ahn, C., Korol, A, Williams, L. 2015. Carbon storage potential by four herbaceous
    wetland species as affected by plant functional diversity. Journal of Environmental Management 165: 133-139.
  • Gleason, C. 2015. An overview of humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) management in Samana, Dominican Republic. In: Human-Wildlife Conflict: Complexity in the Marine Environment, pp. 61-78. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Lewandowski, J. 2015. Transforming wicked environmental problems in the Government arena – a case study of the effects of marine sound on marine mammals. In: Human-Wildlife Conflict: Complexity in the Marine Environment, pp. 39-60. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Lawrey, J. D., G. Marson, J. Etayo, M. Dal-Forno, K. Driscoll & P. Diederich. 2015. Molecular data support establishment of a new genus for the lichenicolous species Neobarya usneae (Hypocreales). The Bryologist 118: 83-92.
  • Korol, A., Ahn, C. 2015. Dominance by an obligate annual affects the morphological characteristics
    and biomass production of a planted wetland macrophyte community. Journal of Plant Ecology. Advance Access published on May 4, 2015. doi:10.1093/jpe/rtv041
  • O’Bryhim, J. and Parsons, E.C.M. 2015. Increased knowledge about sharks increases public concern about their conservation. Marine Policy 56: 43-47.
  • Shafer, C.L. 2015. Cautionary thoughts on IUCN protected area management categories V–VI. Global Ecology & Conservation 3: 331–348.
  • Shafer, C.L. 2015. Land use planning: A potential force for retaining habitat connectivity in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and Beyond. Global Ecology & Conservation 3: 256-278.
  • Sangster G. & Luksenburg J.A. (2015). Declining rates of species described per taxonomist: slowdown of progress or a side-effect of improved quality in taxonomy? Systematic Biology 64: 144-151.


  • Weeks, A., Bachman, B., Josway, S., Laemmerzahl, A.F., and B. North. 2014. Guiding student inquiry of eukaryotic organismal biology using the plasmodial slime mold, Physarum polycephalum. The American Biology Teacher 76(3): 196-200.
  • Gostel, M. and A. Weeks. 2014. Developing novel EPIC markers from EST databases and evaluating their phylogenetic utility in Commiphora (Burseraceae). Applications in Plant Sciences 2(4):1-6.
  • Lücking, R., M. Dal-Forno, K. Wilk & J. D. Lawrey. 2014. Three new species of Dictyonema (lichenized Basidiomycota: Hygrophoraceae) from Bolivia. Acta Nova 6: 4-16.
  • Lücking, R., M. Dal-Forno, M. Sikaroodi, P. M. Gillevet, F. Bungartz, B. Moncada, A. Yánez-Ayabaca, J. L. Chaves, L. F. Coca & J. D. Lawrey. 2014. A single macrolichen constitutes hundreds of unrecognized species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 111: 11091-11096.
  • Schmull, M., M. Dal-Forno, R. Lücking, S. Cao, J. Clardy & J. D. Lawrey. 2014. Dictyonema huaorani (Agaricales: Hygrophoraceae), a new lichenized basidiomycete from Amazonian Ecuador with reported hallucinogenic properties. The Bryologist 117: 386-394.
  • Crerar, L.D., Crerar, A.P., Domning, D.P., Parsons, E.C.M. 2014. Rewriting the history of an extinction—was a population of Steller’s sea cows (Hydrodamalis gigas) at St Lawrence Island also driven to extinction? Biology Letters: DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0878
  • Petru, B, Cheschier, G, Ahn, C. 2014. Assessment of water budgets and hydrologic performance of a created mitigation wetland – a modeling approach. Ecological Engineering 71: 667-676.
  • Dee, S.M., and Ahn, C. 2014. Plant tissue nutrients as an indicator for functional development in created mitigation wetlands Ecological Indicators 45:68-74.
  • Luksenburg, J.A. and Sangster, G. 2013. New seabird records from Aruba, southern Caribbean, including three pelagic species new for the island. Marine Ornithology 41(2):183-186.
  • Hartstone-Rose, A.,  Selvey, H., Villari, J.R., Atwell, J.R. and Schmidt, T. 2014. The Three-Dimensional Morphological Effects of Captivity. PLoS ONE 9(11): e113437. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0113437
  • Groover, R. S. 2014. A contract can help make undergraduate research successful. In: Tapping the Potential of all, Undergraduate Research at Community Colleges. (N.H. Hensel and B.D. Cjeda eds.). Council on Undergraduate Research, Washington, D.C. pp. 17 – 22.
  • Parsons, E.C.M., Favaro, B., Draheim, M., McCarthy, J.B., Aguirre, A.A., Bauer, A.L., Blight, L.K., Cigliano, J.A., Coleman, M.A., Côté, I.M., Fletcher, S., Foley, M.M., Jefferson, R., Jones, M.C., Kelaher, B.P., Lundquist, C.J., Nelson, A., Patterson, K., Walsh, L., Wright, A.J. and Sutherland, W.J. 2014. 71 important questions for the conservation of marine biodiversity. Conservation Biology 28(5): 1206-1214.
  • Schwartz, K.R. and N. Flesness. 2014. On the origin of species information systems: An evolutionary perspective. pp. 100-106. In: McGregor Reid, G. and G. Moore (Eds.). From Royal Gifts to Biodiversity Conservation: The History and Development of Menageries, Zoos and Aquariums. Chester Zoo, U.K.
  • Luksenburg, J.A. 2014. The cetaceans of Aruba, southern Caribbean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association 94(6): 1161-1174.
  • Petruny, L.M., Wright, A.J. & Smith, C.E. 2014. Getting it right for the North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis): A last opportunity for effective marine spatial planning? Marine Pollution Bulletin. Published Online 4th July 2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.06.004.
  • Shafer, C.L. 2014.From non-static vignettes to unprecedented change: the US National Park System, climate impacts and animal dispersal. Environmental Science & Policy 40: 26-35.
  • Bolaños-Jiménez, J., Mignucci-Giannoni, A.A., Blumenthal, J., Bogomolni, A., et al. and Luksenburg, J.A. 2014. Distribution, feeding habits and morphology of killer whales Orcinus orca in the Caribbean Sea. Mammal Review: in press.
  • Luksenburg, J.A. 2014. Prevalence of External Injuries in Small Cetaceans in Aruban Waters, Southern Caribbean. PLoS ONE 9(2): e88988.
  • Luksenburg, J.A. and Parsons, E.C.M. 2014. Attitudes towards marine mammal conservation issues before the introduction of whale-watching: a case study in Aruba (southern Caribbean). Aquatic Conservation 24: 135-146.


  • Lance, S.L., Love, C.N., Nunziata, S.O., O’Bryhim, J.R., Scott, D.E., Flynn, R.W. and Jones, K.L. (2013). 32 species validation of a new Illumina paired-end approach for the development of microsatellites. PLoS ONE 8(11): e81853.
  • Ahn, C, and Jones, S. 2013. Assessing organic matter and organic carbon contents of soils of created mitigation wetlands in Virginia. Environmental Engineering Research 18(3): 151-156.
  • Peralta, R, Ahn, C., Voytek, M., Kirshtein, J. 2013. Bacterial community structure of nirK-bearing denitrifiers and the development of soil properties in created mitigation wetlands, Applied Soil Ecology 70: 70-77.
  • Wolf, K. L., Noe, G. B., and Ahn, C. 2013. Hydrologic connectivity to streams increases nitrogen and phosphorus inputs and cycling in soils of created and natural floodplain wetlands Journal of Environmental Quality 42: 1245-1255.
  • Petru, B, Ahn, C, Cheschier, G. 2013. Alteration of soil hydraulic properties in wetlands created to mitigate the loss of natural wetlands in the Virginia piedmont , Ecological Engineering 51:140-150.
  • Peralta, R.M., Ahn, C, Gillevet, PM. 2013. Characterization of soil bacterial community structure and physicochemical properties in created and natural wetlands, Science of the Total Environment 443: 725-732.
  • John Cook, Dana Nuccitelli, Sarah A Green, Mark Richardson, Bärbel Winkler, Rob Painting, Robert Way, Peter Jacobs and Andrew Skuce. 2013. Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature. Environ. Res. Lett. 8 024024 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/024024
  • O’Bryhim, J., Somers, C., Lance, S.L., Yau, M., Boreham, D.R., Jones, K.L. & Taylor, E.B. (2013) Development and characterization of twenty-two novel microsatellite markers for the mountain whitefish, Prosopium williamsoni and cross-amplification in the round whitefish, P. cylindraceum, using paired-end Illumina shotgun sequencing. Conservation Genetics Resources 5: 89-91.
  • Groover, R.S. 2013. Land-use problems for local air quality and biological conservation, a simple solution proposed. Virginia Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Blacksburg, VA, May 23, 2013 [presentation]
  • Sharma, S., Dutta, T., Maldonado, J. E., Wood, T. C., Panwar, H. S., Seidensticker, J. 2013. A highly informative microsatellite panel for individual identification and sex determination of jungle cats (Felis chaus). Conservation Genetics Rseources. DOI: 10.1007/s12686-013-9873-0
  • Dutta, T., Sharma, S., Maldonado, J. E., Wood, T. C., Panwar, H. S., Seidensticker, J. 2013. Fine-scale population genetic structure in a wide-ranging carnivore, the leopard (Panthera pardus) in central India. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12024
  • Sharma, S., Dutta, T., Maldonado, J. E., Wood, T. C., Panwar, H. S., Seidensticker, J. 2013. Spatial genetic analysis reveals high connectivity of tiger (Panthera tigris) populations in the Satpura-Maikal landscape of Central India. Ecology and Evolution. 3(1): 48-60.
  • Cook G.M., Rothenberger J.P., Sikaroodi M., Gillevet P.M., Peters E.C., Jonas R.B. 2013. A Comparison of Culture-dependent and Culture-independent techniques used to Characterize Bacterial Communities on Healthy and White Plague Type II-Diseased Corals of the Montastraea annularis species complex. Coral Reef Journal – in press.
  • Peralta R.M., Ahn C., Gillevet P.M. 2013. Characterization of soil bacterial community structure and physicochemical properties in created and natural wetlands. Science of The Total Environment 443:725-732.
  • Ghannoum M.A., Mukherjee P.K., Jurevic R.J., Retuerto M., Brown R.E., Sikaroodi M., Webster-Cyriaque J., Gillevet P.M. 2013. Metabolomics Reveals Differential Levels of Oral Metabolites in HIV-Infected Patients: Toward Novel Diagnostic Targets. OMICS 17(1):5-15.
  • Draheim, M.M., Patterson, K.W., Rockwood, L.L., Guagnano, G.A., and Parsons, E.C.M. 2013. Attitudes of college undergraduates towards coyotes (Canis latrans) in an urban landscape: management and public outreach implications. Animals 3(1):1-18.